US government predicts shale slowdown as oil falls
As oil's long slide continued, the United States (US) Energy Department forecast Tuesday that production from US shale operators will begin to tail off in the second half of the year.
The decline would mark the first such drop in what has been a six-year boom in US onshore crude production.
The price of oil fell Tuesday, dipping briefly under US$45, before ending at US$45.89 a barrel. That's the lowest since the spring of 2009, and a drop of 58 per cent over the past six months.
Oil fell after the energy minister for the United Arab Emirates, a member of OPEC, suggested that the cartel will not lower production to reduce global supplies in an effort to reverse falling prices.
Brent crude, an international benchmark used to price oil used by many US refineries, closed at US$46.59 a barrel in London Tuesday.
Low crude prices are leading to significant savings for buyers of diesel, gasolene, jet fuel and heating oil.
Typical US households will spend US$750 less on gasolene this year than in 2014, because the average gasolene price will fall to US$2.33 per gallon, from US$3.36 last year, the Energy Department also forecast Tuesday.
The national average stood at US$2.12 a gallon Tuesday, according to AAA, the lowest in nearly six years.
The forecast was part of a monthly outlook released by the Energy Department's Energy Information Administration. It was EIA's first outlook to include forecasts for 2016.
Onshore fields in North Dakota, Texas and elsewhere have driven the enormous increase in US crude oil production over the past six years. That rise, combined with more supplies from Iraq, Canada and elsewhere, is the main factor pulling down global oil prices.
But those lower prices have already begun to force drillers to delay or cancel plans for new exploration, and the EIA expects a slip in onshore production in the second half of this year. Production from those fields is expected to peak at 7.4 million barrels per day in May, and fall to 7.2 million barrels per day by December.
"Many oil companies have cut back on their exploration drilling in response to falling crude prices," EIA Administrator Adam Sieminski in a statement.
For the year, average US production, including output from Alaska and the Gulf of Mexico, is still expected to rise, but by the slowest rate in four years. If oil prices rise as expected in 2016, onshore oil production should climb again, and reach 9.5 million barrels per day, the second highest ever after 1970's record 9.6 million barrels.
But the EIA says it is a particularly tough time to predict future prices, especially in distant months. The market signals that the agency uses to forecast prices are all over the place, and that uncertainty limits its ability to predict production levels.
EIA forecasts that the average global price of crude will be US$58 in 2015, and rise to US$75 next year as demand for oil increases and global supply growth slows. But to illustrate the uncertainty in the market, it said December oil prices could range between US$28 and US$112 per barrel.
"Perhaps issuing projections is a fool's game," said Howard Gruenspecht, EIA's deputy administrator, in a conference call with reporters.
Traders expect oil prices to rise again, but are struggling to guess when, and by how much. Many expect oil to fall further before turning around.
US crude could go as low as US$40.25 a barrel, says energy consultancy Ritterbusch and Associates. Jim Ritterbusch, the firm's president, wrote in a note to investors Tuesday that he sees "little support" for oil this week.
"Each successive trading session seems to bring a new bearish impetus," he wrote.