Saudi king says security, economy top priorities next year
Saudi Arabia's monarch said Wednesday that security and economic development remain the country's top priorities for the coming year as low oil prices keep decreasing the kingdom's revenue.
In a televised two-minute speech before the advisory Shura Council, King Salman outlined his domestic and foreign policies, which he said are aimed at serving Arab and Islamic causes, as well as fighting terrorism.
"The kingdom's foreign policy adheres to fixed principles. Its commitment to international agreements, which defends Arab and Islamic causes, aims to fight terrorism and achieve security and stability in the world," he said.
Since assuming the throne in January after the death of his half-brother, King Abdullah, former defence minister Salman has made security his foremost concern.
Two months into Salman's reign, he launched an offensive into Yemen against Iranian-backed Shiite rebels known as Houthis, who had overran the capital and other cities in the country, forcing the president and the internationally recognised government to flee for several months to Saudi Arabia.
In April, he set a new course for the monarchy's future, recasting the line of succession and naming his nephew, Interior Minister Mohammed bin Nayef, as his successor. His 30-year-old son, Mohammed bin Salman, was appointed defence minister and second in line to the throne.
Efforts to diversify the kingdom's economy took on greater urgency as the price of oil - the backbone of Saudi economy - fell by around half since mid-2014. The king stressed the importance of continued investments in health care, education, housing, employment, and transportation.
A more detailed text of Salman's policy goals, which was distributed to Shura Council members, said higher oil prices in the past years have allowed Saudi Arabia to grow its foreign reserves and keep its debt levels low. The kingdom would "maintain stability and balance between revenue and spending on big development projects in all sectors", it said.
Salman also said the country is committed to diversifying the kingdom's sources of income and decreasing its dependence on oil. He pledged to make government spending more efficient, raise employment rates and create more training and work opportunities for the young.
The 2016 budget is expected to be announced next week, with investors eyeing closely to see if cuts are made and to which sectors. The International Monetary Fund estimates that Saudi Arabia will post a budget deficit of more than 20 percent of gross domestic product this year, or amounting to anywhere between $100 billion to $150 billion.
Also, Salman underscored the importance of Saudi Arabia's custodianship of Islam's two holiest sites in Mecca and Medina. Notably absent from his speech was any reference to the stampede and crush during the Islamic hajj pilgrimage in September, which had killed more than 2,400 people, according to an Associated Press tally - three times the number of deaths acknowledged by the kingdom, which is continuing to investigate the incident.