Using oil, LNG might negligibly affect electricity prices – JPS
The Jamaica Public Service Company (JPS) says it is unable to definitively state how the use of both automotive diesel oil and liquefied natural gas (LNG) at the Bogue power plant in St James will impact the price of electricity to consumers.
It said the power plant currently burns on automotive diesel oil "and we are doing a conversion that adds the capability to also burn natural gas. So we will end up with the ability to burn both fuels at no extra cost".
Responding to Wednesday Business queries about the rationale for the dual-fuel facility, the JPS said natural gas will be the primary fuel on which the plant operates and automotive diesel oil will be a back-up fuel "in case we have any problems with receiving natural gas".
It added that under normal conditions, the plant will effectively be a gas-fired power plant.
As to how it will impact the price of electricity the JPS said in emailed responses that "we cannot speak to the likely impact on electricity prices given the uncertainty of prices in the future (for oil vs LNG)".
However, it said that the impact is expected to be negligible given that Bogue only represents approximately 10 per cent of the company's total costs.
"What we can say with fairly good certainty is that the cost of electricity today is 30 per cent lower than it was one year ago, and we expect that trend to continue throughout 2016, given that 80 per cent of our net generation (production) will still be based on oil, 10 per cent will be from natural gas, and we expect renewables to make up 10 per cent of our net generation once the three renewable energy projects currently under construction (for circa 80 megwatts) are completed before the end of 2016."
The JPS, an integrated electric utility company and the sole distributor of electricity in Jamaica, added that "that means we continue doing a good job as a country of increasing the penetration of renewable, while also diversifying our fuel mix and reducing our overexposure to oil".
It said that it is hoping to continue doing more of that through the 37 megawatts of renewables currently being pursued by the Office of Utilities Regulation through a request for proposal, as well as its 190 megawatt gas-fired power plant that will be commissioned in mid-2018.
Reducing the cost of electricity is critical to improve competitiveness, according to the International Monetary Fund's latest updated memorandum of economic and financial policies.
It said that the action plan prepared by the Electricity Sector Enterprise Team foresees replacing current oil-fired generation capacity with gas, coal and ethane-fired plants to achieve significant cost savings.
Next steps will include the conversion of the Bogue power station from oil to gas, a process which the JPS is currently undertaking.
In addition, said the memorandum, the Government has approved the construction of Jamaica's first natural gas-fired power plant, a 190-megawatt facility to be built and operated by JPS, and to be completed by 2018. Several renewable energy projects are also under way.
The Government said it will prepare a plan to ensure that all public entities - central government, local government and public bodies - meet their financial obligations in a timely manner.
In the memorandum, the Government also pointed out that urgent actions will be taken to reduce the time needed for entrepreneurs to get an electricity connection. Plans foresee the automation of the work processes within the government electrical regulator and the acquisition of an Application Management and Data Automation (AMANDA) software to streamline procedures for scheduling, inspecting, approving and certifying electrical installations.
An action plan for implementation of the reforms and adoption of the AMANDA system are expected to be completed in fiscal year 2016/17, with support from the Inter-American Development Bank.