Republicans worry Obama is opening door to new Iran relief
The Obama administration is leaving the door open to new sanctions relief for Iran, including possibly long-forbidden access to the US financial market, prompting increased concern from Republican opponents of last year's nuclear deal.
Rep Ed Royce, the House Foreign Affairs Committee chairman, expressed alarm in a letter last week to the president that the US could grant Iranian businesses the ability to conduct transactions in dollars within the United States or through offshore banks.
The concession would go a long way to meet Iran's complaints that it hasn't been sufficiently rewarded by the West for taking thousands of uranium-spinning centrifuges offline, exporting its stockpile of the bomb-making material and disabling a facility that would have been able to produce weapons-grade plutonium.
But critics of the Iran deal say the action would break pledges the administration made while selling the seven-nation agreement last
Asked if such a move was being considered, the Treasury Department told The Associated Press in an emailed statement: "We will continue to analyse the sanctions lifting and its effects."
The State Department wouldn't
Treasury Secretary Jack Lew told Congress after the July accord that Iran would still be "denied access to the world's largest financial and
"Iran will not be able to open bank accounts with US banks, nor will Iran be able to access the US banking sector," Adam Szubin, the department's sanctions chief, told a House panel at the time. He said that would hold true even for simple transactions to "dollarise" a foreign payment.
But asked specifically about that commitment earlier this week, Lew allowed for future US action to "make sure Iran gets relief".
At home and abroad, critics of President Barack Obama's outreach to Iran fear the administration is backtracking on its promises to only end "nuclear-related" sanctions on Iran, not those related to the Islamic Republic's terrorism and human rights records.
The administration also promised last year to step up US efforts to combat Iran's regional ambitions, but has since embraced an Iranian role in Syrian peace efforts and has limited its response to Iran's testing of several ballistic missiles in violation of a UN ban.
On Thursday, the Treasury Department issued new penalties against two Iranian companies involved in Iran's ballistic missile programme and several people and firms from Britain and the United Arab Emirates for helping the US-blacklisted Mahan Air evade sanctions to secure American plane parts and financing.
In his letter, Royce, a California Republican, focused on the potential for any new US steps to "substantially ease additional international investment in Iran".
He noted that the US still considers Iran a state sponsor of terrorism, money laundering centre and systematic abuser of religious freedom, warning: "Any financial transaction with Iran risks supporting the regime's illicit activities."
Mark Dubowitz, an Iran hawk at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies who regularly advises Congress, said offering Iranian banks and businesses even limited access to the US market would be devastating.
The sanctions have effectively prevented European banks from
significantly investing in Iran out of fear of running afoul of US sanctions regulators. Several banks have been hit with fines in recent years, into the billions of dollars.
Congressional aides and experts monitoring the matter aren't sure how the administration might proceed. They say one possibility being considered would allow clearinghouses in Hong Kong to conduct dollar transactions with Iranian banks and businesses.
"If they permit this, it is the end of US sanctions on Iran," Dubowitz said.