Temer takes the reins in Brazil as Rousseff vows to fight on
Vice-President Michel Temer has signed the official notification that he's interim president of Brazil, following the impeachment of Dilma Rousseff.
Temer's official Twitter account shows him signing the document brought to him by a delegation from the Senate, which voted early Thursday to suspend Rousseff.
Temer will serve during a Senate trial to determine if Rousseff should be permanently removed. That trial can take up to six months.
Speaking hours after the Senate voted to impeach her, Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff blasted the process as "fraudulent" and promised to fight what she characterised as an injustice more painful than the torture she endured under a past military dictatorship.
Rousseff, Brazil's first female president, promised to use all possible legal means to defend herself in the face of a trial in which senators will decide whether to permanently remove her from office for using alleged illegal accounting tricks in managing the federal budget.
"I may have committed errors, but I never committed crimes," Rousseff said during a 14-minute address, at one point choking up. "It's the most brutal of things that can happen to a human being - to be condemned for a crime you didn't commit. There is no more devastating injustice."
The Senate's decision came after a months-long fight that laid bare the country's fury over corruption and economic decay, hurling Latin America's largest country into political turmoil just months before it hosts the Summer Olympics.
Rousseff's enraged backers threatened wide-scale protests and strikes. Her foes, meanwhile, insisted that she had broken the law, and that the country's deep political, social and economic woes could only be tackled without her.
The 55-22 vote means that Rousseff's ally-turned-enemy, Vice-President Michel Temer, will take over as acting president. The Senate has 180 days to conduct a trial and decide whether Rousseff should be permanently removed from office.
Impeachment just the start
"Did anyone think that we would get to 2018 with a recovery under this government? Impossible," said Jose Serra, the opposition Social Democratic Party's failed presidential candidate in the 2010 race that brought Rousseff into power. "The impeachment is just the start of the reconstruction."
Rousseff, 68, argues that she had not been charged with a crime and previous presidents did similar things. She also previously suggested that sexism in the male-dominated Congress played a role in the impeachment.
Rousseff's suspension and likely permanent removal ends 13 years of rule by the left-leaning Workers' Party, which is credited with lifting millions out of abject poverty but vilified for being at the wheel when billions were siphoned from the state oil company Petrobras.
Analysts also say Rousseff got herself into trouble with a prickly manner and a perceived reticence to work with legislators that may have alienated possible allies.
Temer, a 75-year-old career politician, has promised to cut spending and privatise many sectors controlled by the state. For weeks, he has been quietly putting together a new Cabinet, angering Rousseff supporters. The lower house voted 367-137 last month in favour of impeachment.
The marathon debate in the Senate began Wednesday morning and took 20 hours as dozens of lawmakers rose to give their opinions.
Humberto Costa, the Workers' Party leader in the Senate, brandished a photo of Rousseff from her days as a young Marxist guerrilla during the country's 1964-1985 dictatorship at the military proceedings against her.
Costa called Thursday's impeachment the second unjust trial Rousseff had endured, saying it was a bid by Brazil's traditional ruling classes to reassert their power and roll back Workers' Party policies in favour of the poor.
"The Brazilian elite, the ruling class, which keeps treating this county as if it was their hereditary dominion, does not appreciate democracy," Costa said.
When the impeachment measure was introduced last year in Congress, it was generally viewed as a long shot. As late as February, experts were predicting it wouldn't even make it out of committee in the lower Chamber of Deputies.
But the momentum built as Brazilians seethed over numerous corruption scandals linked to Petrobras and daily announcements of job losses added to a growing desperation. The Brazilian economy is expected to contract nearly four per cent after an equally dismal 2015, and inflation and unemployment are hovering around 10 per cent, underscoring a sharp decline after the South American giant enjoyed stellar growth for more than a decade.
Polls have said a majority of Brazilians supported impeaching Rousseff, though they also suggest the public is wary about those in the line of succession to take her place.
"Dilma is a bad president and waiting until 2018 was a horrible option," said cab driver Alessandro Novais in Rio de Janeiro, minutes after the vote. "I don't think Temer will be much better, but at least we can try something different to overcome the crisis."
Temer has been implicated in the Petrobras corruption scheme as has Renan Calheiros, the Senate head who is now No. 2 in the line of succession. Former House Speaker Eduardo Cunha, who had been second in line, was suspended from office this month over allegations of obstruction of justice and corruption.