IMF chief Lagarde to stand trial in French arbitration deal
France's top court has ruled that International Monetary Fund chief Christine Lagarde must stand trial in France over a 2008 arbitration ruling that handed €400 million to a politically connected business magnate.
Lagarde, who was French finance minister at the time of the deal in favour of tycoon Bernard Tapie, is accused of negligence in the case. She has denied wrongdoing.
A special court ruled in December that Lagarde should stand trial, but she appealed. France's Court of Cassation on Friday rejected the appeal.
Lagarde's lawyer, Patrick Maisonneuve, expressed disappointment at the decision, but told The Associated Press that he expects the trial to show that the IMF chief did nothing wrong.
The unusually generous 2008 arbitration deal, paid from public funds, prompted years of legal disputes that remain unresolved.
The investigation began in 2011, soon before Lagarde was named to head the IMF in the wake of sexual assault allegations against her predecessor, French economist Dominique Strauss-Kahn.
IMF spokesman Gerry Rice said Friday that the executive board "continues to express its confidence in the managing director's ability to effectively carry out her duties."
The decision last year to send her to trial had come as a surprise because a prosecutor had earlier argued that the case against her should be dropped.'
'Negligence' by a person invested with public authority carries a risk of up to a year in prison and a €15,000 (US$16,500) fine.
She will be tried at the Court of Justice of the Republic, a special body that tries government ministers for alleged wrongdoing while in office. A date has not been set for the trial.
The case is part of a larger legal saga centring on Tapie, a flamboyant magnate and TV star who had sued French bank Credit Lyonnais for its handling of the sale of his majority stake in sportswear company Adidas in the mid-1990s. With Lagarde's approval, a private arbitration panel ruled that he should get ¤400 million in compensation, including interest.
The deal was seen by critics as a sign of a too-close relationship between magnates and the French political elite. Tapie was close to then-President Nicolas Sarkozy, Lagarde's boss.
In a separate part of the case, Tapie has been ordered to pay back the entire €400 million. An appeals decision is pending. He could also face a criminal trial on fraud charges, which would be separate from the Lagarde trial.
Timeline of key events
in the financial scandal:
February 1993: Businessman Bernard Tapie sells his majority stake in sportswear company Adidas through French bank Credit Lyonnais. Tapie claims the deal was mismanaged and begins a long legal battle with the bank to claim damages.
June 2008: Lagarde appointed minister of finance and economy for France.
July 11, 2008: With Lagarde's approval, French arbitration panel awards Tapie about €400 million in damages and interest, paid from public funds.
July 5, 2011: Lagarde becomes managing director of the IMF after the previous chief, Dominique Strauss-Kahn, resigned amid sexual assault allegations.
Aug 4, 2011: French court orders investigation into Lagarde's role in Tapie case.
March 20, 2013: Lagarde's Paris home is searched by police.
Aug 27, 2014: Lagarde reveals she is under official investigation for negligence in the case of the damages awarded to Tapie, following a fourth round of questioning before magistrates.
Feb 17, 2015: Paris court of appeal overturns 2008 decision to pay the ¤400 million to Tapie. He appeals.
Sep 23, 2015: French prosecutor argues probe of Lagarde should be dropped. The prosecutor's recommendation is often taken up by the magistrates.
Dec 17, 2015: Despite the prosecutor's recommendation, Lagarde is ordered to stand trial over her involvement in the Tapie case. She appeals the decision.
Feb 19, 2016: Lagarde is elected to second five-year term at the helm of the IMF.
July 22, 2016: France's top court rules Lagarde must stand trial.