In setback for Rousseff, Senate puts her on trial
Brazil's Senate on Wednesday voted overwhelmingly to put suspended President Dilma Rousseff on trial, bringing the nation's first female president a step closer to being permanently removed and underscoring her failure to change lawmakers' minds the last several months.
After some 15 hours of debate, senators voted 59-21 to put her on trial for breaking fiscal rules in her managing of the federal budget. It was the final step before a trial and vote on whether to definitively remove her from office, expected later this month. The political drama is playing out while Rio de Janeiro is hosting the Olympic Games, which run through August 21.
The outcome was widely expected: The Senate already voted in May to impeach and remove Rousseff from office for up to 180 days while the trial was being prepared.
Wednesday's vote underscored that efforts to remove her may have actually gained steam, despite her attempts to woo senators who have expressed doubt about the governing ability of interim President Michel Temer.
Senators pushing for her removal only needed a simple majority to call for the trial. Not only did they get much more than that, they also garnered an ample margin over the supermajority - at least 54 - they will need to permanently remove her.
"This is not an easy situation," Jose Eduardo Cardozo, who was attorney general in Rousseff's administration and is leading her defence, told Brazilian news portal G1 after the vote in the capital of Brasilia.
NOT LOOKING HOPEFUL
Cardozo said that he would look at appeals to the nation's top court and that several senators who voted in favour of this move may be reluctant to take the heavier step of removing her from office.
"In that way, the final vote isn't tethered to today's result," he said.
Still, the situation does not look hopeful for Rousseff, the first female president in Latin America's largest nation. Previous appeals to the Supreme Federal Tribunal, the nation's top court, have failed. And Rousseff's attempts to woo senators and rebuild her own brand with voters have apparently fallen short.
Brazil's economy, the largest in Latin America, is mired in its worst depression in decades. Layoffs and late payments to some state workers have spurred deep anger. The country has also been struggling to confront the Zika virus, which causes birth defects in infants born to infected women and has ravaged thousands of families in poor, northeastern states.
Temer, who was Rousseff's vice-president-turned-nemesis, took over after Rousseff's May impeachment. He has been sharply criticised for appointing a Cabinet of all white men in a country where more than 50 per cent are non-white. Three of his ministers have been forced to resign for allegations related to corruption, and despite promises to get Congress moving after months of paralysis, he has struggled to push through reforms.
Rousseff has repeatedly said she did nothing wrong and argued that other former presidents did similar things in their handling of the federal budget. She has argued that behind her removal are attempts to tamp down a wide-ranging corruption probe into billions of dollars in alleged kickbacks in state oil company Petrobras.