IMF raises China growth forecast but warns on debt
The world's second-largest economy should expand by 6.5 per cent this year, the IMF said in a report. That is up by 0.3 percentage points from the agency's last forecast in October.
However, that growth is supported by heavy government spending and rapid expansion of credit, which "raises the risk of a sharper slowdown", the agency said.
The report adds to mounting warnings about the economic drag of debt that has soared since the 2008 global crisis as Beijing used infusions of credit to shore up growth.
China's growth held steady at 6.7 per cent in the three months ending in September, supported by government spending and a boom in real estate sales and bank lending. Private sector forecasters expect that to decline as regulators tighten controls to cool surging credit and housing prices, which they see as a financial risk.
Communist leaders are trying to nurture more sustainable growth based on consumer spending instead of trade and investment, but have repeatedly pumped credit into the economy to avert an abrupt downturn and politically dangerous job losses.
China's total debt has risen to the equivalent of 250 per cent of gross domestic product, high for a developing economy. That has prompted warnings of a possible financial crisis or a drag on growth.
"Continued reliance on policy stimulus measures, with rapid expansion of credit and slow progress in addressing corporate debt, especially in hardening the budget constraints of state-owned enterprises, raises the risk of a sharper slowdown or a disruptive adjustment," the IMF said.
It said official Chinese stimulus might lead to even stronger performance than forecast, which might help boost growth for the country's trading partners. But it warned that that might be disrupted if governments resort to "protectionist trade policies".