Bank of England hints at rate rise in coming months
The Bank of England hinted on Thursday that it may be ready to raise interest rates for the first time in a decade, possibly as soon as November, in order to keep a lid on inflation, which has shot up since Britain's decision last year to leave the European Union.
In a statement accompanying its decision to keep its key interest rate at the record low of 0.25 per cent, the bank warned that borrowing rates could be raised "over the coming months" and sooner than many in financial markets currently think.
That triggered a jump in the pound, which had fallen sharply in the wake of the Brexit vote in June 2016. In early-afternoon trading, the pound was 1.1 per cent higher at US$1.3353, a sign that traders are reassessing their predictions of when rates will rise.
Minutes of the policy meeting showed that only two of the bank's nine-member Monetary Policy Committee voted to raise the so-called bank rate by a quarter-point to 0.50 per cent. The 7-2 decision had been expected in light of a sharp slowdown in economic growth this year.
Still, it's clear that rate-setters face a dilemma, given that inflation is running way above the bank's two per cent target at 2.9 per cent. Under more normal times, that would have been justification enough for a rate hike.
Economic figures this week have highlighted the difficult choices facing the central bankers. While inflation is above target, wage rises remain subdued, meaning that household incomes are being squeezed, a development that should, all other things being equal, lead to lower growth and inflation.
The minutes to the central bank's decision showed that the majority of the panel is ready to raise interest rates "over the coming months in order to return inflation sustainably to target". Inflation, they warned, could overshoot the target over the next three years.
"All MPC members continue to judge that, if the economy follows a path broadly consistent with the August Inflation Report central projection, then monetary policy could need to be tightened by a somewhat greater extent over the forecast period than current market expectations," the minutes to the meeting said.
However, any prospective increases would be expected to be "at a gradual pace and to a limited extent".
The minutes indicated that the November 2 announcement could be the moment the bank opts to raise rates. The committee, according to the minutes, will "undertake a
full assessment of recent developments" in November, when it publishes its quarterly update to economic projections.