Senate confirms Trump pick to serve on Federal Reserve
The United States Senate has confirmed President Donald Trump's nomination of Randal Quarles to serve on the Federal Reserve, the first step in the Republican's efforts to remake the nation's powerful central bank.
Quarles, the head of a Salt Lake City-based investment firm, was approved on a 65-32 vote on Thursday. Senators, by a voice vote, then approved him to be vice-chairman for supervision, a position that will give him critical input into GOP efforts to roll back what they see as the regulatory excesses of a 2010 law aimed at preventing a repeat of the 2008 financial crisis.
There are currently three vacancies on the Fed's seven-member board. So far, Quarles is the only nomination that Trump has made. As a candidate, Trump strongly criticised the Fed for following what he said were interest-rate policies that favoured Democrats and for imposing burdensome rules on banks that, he said, had hurt the economic recovery.
Trump has given no indication of his final choices for the other Fed positions, but with all the vacancies, his nominees will have the power to remake Fed policy on interest rates and bank regulations. The Fed is the primary regulator for the largest US banks.
Industry groups praised the selection, with Rob Nichols, president of the American Bankers Association, saying his group looked forward to working with Quarles to craft a regulatory programme "to meet the supervisory needs of our banking system and drive economic growth".
Critics not impressed
But critics charged that Quarles, who for many years worked as a lawyer for big banks, was too close to the financial sector, and in his Treasury Department positions overseeing Wall Street, failed to halt the risky lending practices that led to the 2008 crisis.
Senator Elizabeth Warren, D-Massachusetts, and a frequent Wall Street critic, said "there is no position in government that has a more important role in stopping the next financial crisis" than the Fed's supervision post. She said she was opposed to Quarles because he had "argued repeatedly for weaker rules for giant banks".
The Fed board will have another vacancy next week when Fed Vice-Chairman Stanley Fischer steps down. In addition, Trump is deciding whether to nominate Fed Chair Janet Yellen for another four-year term or select someone else. Her current term expires February 3. If she leaves the board, Trump will be able to fill five of the board's seven seats.
Quarles' job as vice-chairman for supervision will give him an important role in the administration's efforts to loosen the banking regulations imposed by the Dodd-Frank law. Congress passed that law in 2010 in an effort to prevent a repeat of the 2008 financial crisis, the worst meltdown of the financial system since the 1930s. During the campaign, Trump sharply attacked the Dodd-Frank law, calling it a disaster that had stifled economic growth by restraining bank lending.
Quarles worked in the two Bush administrations. During his confirmation hearing for the Fed job, he endorsed proposals that would trim back the Dodd-Frank regulations.
When the White House announced the selection of Quarles in July, he was nominated for a vacant Fed board term that expires on January 31 and for an additional 14-year term that would expire on January 31, 2032, as well as the four-year term as the vice-chairman for bank supervision. The Senate action on Thursday approved the short-term position on the board and the vice-chairman's job, but left pending the longer 14-year term.
The Fed banking post created by the Dodd-Frank law had not been filled during the Obama administration because Republicans opposed the administration's plans to formally nominate then Fed board member Daniel Tarullo for the job. Instead, Tarullo served informally as the Fed's top voice on bank regulations until he left the board earlier this year.