Disasters increase risk of human trafficking
As the 2018 Atlantic Hurricane season continues, Dr Leith Dunn, a sociologist and gender specialist at the University of the West Indies, Mona, is warning that such weather systems and other natural disasters may put Caribbean countries at greater risk for human trafficking.
Dunn sounded the warning while addressing the National Task Force Against Trafficking in Persons' human trafficking international conference, which concluded at the Melia Braco Resort in Trelawny on Thursday.
The two-day conference, which was the first of its kind in the Caribbean, involved dignitaries from various countries discussing possible solutions to the human trafficking issue.
IMPACT OF NATURAL DISASTERS
"Whenever there is a natural disaster, there is increased vulnerability for human trafficking," said Dunn. "For example, you have a tsunami in which a child's parents are killed and her family home is destroyed. She is adopted by someone who promises to take care of her, and then she is trafficked."
Dunn continued: "We need, as small island developing states, to take account of the fact that human trafficking is an increased risk when we have our hurricanes. Last year, we had several countries being adversely affected, and even before they could recover, there were other hurricanes. We need to be making partnerships between disaster preparedness and response and anti-human trafficking."
Dunn was referencing last year's hurricane season when the Leeward Islands were devastated by Category Five hurricanes Irma and Maria.
According to the 2016 Global Report on Trafficking in Persons from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, natural disasters are among the reasons why many people migrate to other countries in search of a better life.
The report noted that in such cases, migrants may become victims of cross-border trafficking, constituting 60 per cent of all detected victims.