Tue | Aug 22, 2017

It happened this week in 1954

Published:Thursday | January 28, 2016 | 1:00 AM
Sir Phillip Sherlock
Arnold Jackson
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Sunday, January 18

n North American novelist Ernest Hemingway and his wife were rescued after their charter plane crashed near Murchison Falls, northwest Uganda.

A search by police and aircraft personnel began when Hemingway's plane failed to land at Masindi to refuel. One of the search planes sighted the plane in which Hemingway was travelling lying on the banks of the River Nile near Murchison Falls.

A launch taking tourists to the falls rescued them and carried them to Butiaba, on the shores of Lake Albert, where they had their second brush with death. There, they boarded a rescue plane which crashed and burned on taking off. But again, the passengers, including Hemingway, his wife and the crew, escaped the plane unhurt.

One of the United States Navy's big aircraft carriers, leading a task group of six destroyers and a submarine, docked in Kingston Harbour for a three-day stay. The task group, under the command of Rear Admiral H.B. Temple, is engaged in war exercises in the Caribbean. The stay in Jamaica was arranged to give the crew liberty and shore recreation.

Monday, January 25

n Amid noise and shouts from a packed gallery at the Kingston and St Andrew Corporation, the street cleaning committee gave the town clerk 48 hours to come to a decision as to whether or not he will call on S. George Minott, superintendent of the street cleaning department, to answer charges before the disciplinary board. If Town Clerk Russell LeWars so decides, he was instructed to press charges before the board within 72 hours.

n British Colonial Secretary Oliver Lyttelton and African delegates agreed on a new constitution giving substantially increased authority to Nigeria's three main regions under a central government. The talks, which Lyttelton had been having with African political leaders continuation of the London talks have been going for a week. Under the new constitution, Nigeria's three main regions northern, western and eastern will have substantially increased authority under a central government.

Tuesday, January 26

n Pearl Monica Elizabeth Cole, a 20-year-old student nurse from Jamaica, was given close to a royal welcome when she landed in England. At London's Euston Station she was met by the station master in traditional and rarely used formal dress of shining black top hat with a red carnation in his port lapel.

The London welcome did not surprise her as she had a similar welcome when she landed at Liverpool from the liner Ascania. Pearl learned for the first time that she was the ten thousandth recommended student to be met by the British Council in England.

n More than 400 workers employed to the Kingston and St Andrew Cooperation's street cleaning department went on a one-day strike. They demanded that the superintendent of the department, S. George Minott, be transferred or removed because of the way he treated them. Despite urgings by Mayor Cleveland Clarke, Town Clerk Russell LeWars and Councillor Arthur Smith, chairman of the street cleaning committee, the men refused to return to work.

Wednesday, January 27

n Five candidates were nominated at Sandy Bay, Hanover, to contest the by-election for the Eastern Hanover constituency for the House of Representatives. The candidates nominated were: Dr Eric Campbell, People's National Party; W.M. Grub, National Labour Party; W.D. Hastings, Farmers Party; and two independents, Austin Taylor and Arnold Jackson. The constituency will go to the polls on February18.

n Russia and the West collided head-on in their first conference crisis incited by the Soviet's proposal to call Red China into the world peace talks as a fifth major power. The foreign ministers of the United States, France, Britain and the Soviet Union adjourned their third session with the issue undecided.

The allies flatly turned down Moscow's demand for a five-power parley with the Red Chinese, and demanded that the present Big Four talks get on with the German problem and negotiation of an Australian independence treaty.

Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Moletov listened politely to the three Western viewpoints and then delivered an 80-minute speech without the least bit of concession noticeable in it. US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles spearheaded the Western Big Three drive to bypass China.

Thursday, January 28

n A 7.723-ton ship crashed into the famous old London Bridge. A few hunks of concrete came tumbling down, but the damage was only superficial. The accident involved the Spanish cruise liner Monte Urquila, which ripped away from her tug escort during a gala on the Thames River and crashed broadside into the stone structure.

Friday, January 29

n Philip Sherlock, vice-principal of the University College of the West Indies (UCWI), left by Pan American Clipper to start a business tour of the Caribbean islands on behalf of UCWI. He will visit Trinidad, Barbados, British Guiana, and the Leeward and Windward Islands. Sherlock will be away for about three weeks. Dr W.W. Grave, principal of the University College will join Sherlock in Trinidad.

n Cuba's widely hated 'law of public order', which restricted freedom of expression, underwent major revision by the Cabinet. The Presidential Palace announced that the first section of the law providing for fines and jail sentences up to two years for those circulating false or malicious news contrary to the national dignity was eliminated completely. Also deleted on orders of President Fulgencio Batista were other sections which drew the ire of newspapers, radio, television stations and magazines.

Saturday, January 29

n Italy plunged into chronic political crisis, and for the fourth time in six months was without a working government. Following a Chamber vote of no-confidence, Premier Amintore Fanfani hastened to President Luigi Einaudi to resign his 11-day-old Christian Democrat Government. He agreed to maintain a caretaker Cabinet, powerless to act on any important legislation, while the 70-year-old president seeks a new premier. Fanfani's Cabinet lost by a vote of 303 to 260, just 22 votes short of the required majority.