A Matter of Land | More surveying terms
Good day, readers. Last week we explored the differences between the surveyor's report and boundary reopening. This week we look at what is a survey diagram and what is referred to as a reserved road.
What is a survey diagram?
A survey diagram is a plan that is prepared by a commissioned land surveyor after he conducts a cadastral (boundary) survey on a property.
This process involves an adjudication component where the land surveyor determines where the boundaries are. This is done by investigation from previous plans, marks on ground, old fences and human input from neighbours to the subject property.
After he is satisfied with the information, he then goes ahead and marks the boundaries and conducts his 'field work data gathering'.
The data gathered is then used to prepare a plan and that is submitted to the National Land Agency for checking and approval. The final approved plan is called a diagram.
What is a reserved road?
A reserved road is a portion of land in a subdivision designated to be used as access to lots.
This can be of varied width, depending on the developer and the approval given by the local authority, but they are usually not less than 9.14 metres (30 feet) wide.
A reserved road is not owned by any one person. The ownership of it is usually in the name of the developer, if it is a subdivision development, or in the name of the owner of the land from which the reservation is taken.
Despite this, no one owns the reserved road and, therefore, does not have sole right to its use. It is for use of all who would benefit from it as a means of access.
Reserved roads may be shown on survey plans/diagram or subdivision plans, but is not actually a road on ground.
This means the reservation may be made on the plan but not built on ground (no asphalt or hard surface applied). No one person can fence any section of the road to restrict any other person from using the reserved road.
The reserved road will remain until it is taken over by the local authority, at which point it becomes a regular road.
If you are told that the land leading to your property is a reserved road, then all mentioned above would apply to it.
So, despite it being your means of access, it may also be the means of access by other landowners.
Also, it is important to remember that you are not allowed to fence across it to restrict its use of it by anyone else as this is not for your sole use or enjoyment.
I hope the answers have helped you.
Keep sending your questions and comments and let us continue to explore A Matter of Land. Until next time, traverse well.
- Craig Francis is a commissioned land surveyor and managing director of Precision Surveying Services Ltd. He can be contacted for questions or queries at firstname.lastname@example.org or Precision Surveying Services