European football clubs opening US academies
As the US appetite for football grows, more American kids are harbouring dreams of becoming the next David Beckham or Leo Messi. Their aspirations, realistic or not, have not gone unnoticed by top international teams, which are trying to capitalise financially.
European clubs like Barcelona, Liverpool and Arsenal have long sent coaches to work at US summer camps, but now some are opening year-round US academies aimed at finding new talent while also expanding their fan bases and revenue opportunities in the States. Later this month, Barcelona will open FCB Escola Florida, their first permanent US academy, in Fort Lauderdale. Argentine Boca Juniors and English Everton are already operating in New York and Connecticut, respectively. Other teams are expected to follow.
The expansion of such programmes is part of a bigger trend, as major international clubs try to grow their brands in the US to battle for the hearts and pocketbooks of Americans today and in decades to come. Building an international fan base is becoming important for the top teams, which derive a large chunk of their revenue from overseas broadcasting and merchandising.
"If you can engage kids when they are young, then they will stay with you for the rest of their lives," says Simon Chadwick, a sports economist at England's University of Coventry.
The US football audience is reaching new heights, with this summer's World Cup setting ratings records. NBC is paying $250 million to broadcast the English Premier League. A record crowd of 109,318 packed Michigan Stadium on August 2 to see an exhibition match between Manchester United and Real Madrid. Major League Soccer is averaging more than 18,000 per game, just off its 2012 high.
When teams started opening schools around the world back in the 1990s, their early impulse was to scout and develop players. Now, their main goal is to build their brand, says Simon Kuper, the author of several books on the economics of sports.
Seven pro players a year
One of the first overseas academies was launched in 1999 by Dutch Ajax in Cape Town, South Africa. The club says it produced an average of seven pro players a year. A handful of them have made it to European leagues.
Barcelona chose South Florida for its first US academy and its 12th worldwide. Over 600 boys and girls attended tryouts in May, some coming from other states and countries, like Haiti, Venezuela and Canada, to vie for 384 spots. The winners will pay $3,000 annually to attend the academy, which does not include room, board or schooling. Some parents say they will move their family to South Florida if their child is picked.
Marcel Bombonato, the managing director of Kaptiva Sports, official partner of FC Barcelona in the US, says scouting is one of the goals. But beyond teaching soccer, the club wants to convert children into Barcelona fans.
Some 3,200 children attended seven football camps held this summer by Barcelona across the eastern US. Each day they listened to the team's "Cant del Barca" and at a recent Miami camp most of the 245 children clad in Barcelona colours clapped their hands and chanted the chorus, "Barca, Barca, Barca".
Many parents see these programs as an opportunity for their children to showcase their talents and hopefully be recruited for the team's La Masia academy. Messi left Argentina for Spain at the age of 13 after being discovered by a Barcelona scout.
Ali Rafique brought his six-year-old son Toby to the camp in Miami from Dallas. Toby trains more than 20 hours per week between his practices with a personal coach and the Dallas Texans under-7 team. He wants to eventually play for Barcelona.
"I am gonna work hard to make his dream come true," said his father.
Argentinian Boca Juniors, known as one of the largest exporters of players to the leagues in Europe, opened its academy in Long Island, New York, in March. The team is still recruiting 200 boys and girls aged four to 23.
Mariano Berenstein, the CEO of Boca Juniors in the US, says that unlike other international teams, Boca Juniors is concerned with developing local talent, rather than just monetising the brand. He said that other teams promise young children that they have a chance to play at their home-based academies and advance up to the main team. Instead, Boca Juniors wants to build an American version with the hope that the most talented players would play in MLS.
We will not make "empty promises" to players, Berenstein says.