EU leaders plot a future without Britain
British Prime Minister David Cameron fended off anger from other European Union leaders at an unprecedented summit charged with uncertainty about the union's future without Britain. Leader after leader rejected Cameron's pleas for favourable conditions for Britain once it leaves, while he frustrated them by refusing to initiate the divorce proceedings just yet.
At what may be his last EU gathering, Cameron sat at one end of the oval summit table in blue shirt sleeves, arguing for the best possible exit conditions for his island nation. Around the table, other EU leaders refused to negotiate, seemingly eager to kick Britain out as soon as possible to avoid further political and economic turmoil after the shock and emotion of the British vote to leave last week.
"Europe is ready to start the divorce process, even today (Tuesday), without any enthusiasm, as you can imagine," said summit host, EU President Donald Tusk.
Outside the Council room, markets were still in upheaval as they sought to recover from the unexpected exit vote, which will rob the EU of its biggest military power, its second economy and a diplomatic giant.
In a special session of the EU Parliament hours earlier, there had been cries of campaign "lies" from legislators regretting the loss of Britain, and taunting by 'leave' campaigner Nigel Farage, who told his fellow members of European Parliament: "You're not laughing now, are you?"
When the traditional family photo of the leaders at the summit was taken, few were smiling.
Realising the threat of a rift further tearing at the unity of a bloc of more than 500 million people, Tusk said he was planning a special meeting of the EU leaders minus Cameron in Slovakia in September to chart a way ahead. German Chancellor Angela Merkel pledged to use "all her strength" to prevent the EU from drifting apart.
Cameron was facing calls to start the exit talks as soon as possible, but he has said such negotiations should not be launched before October, when he resigns and a new British leader can lead the talks.
"Britain will be leaving the European Union but I want that process to be as constructive as possible," Cameron said. After decades of being an obstructive partner in all so many ways as the EU sought more unity, his counterparts put little trust in those words.
"As fast as possible, the UK must submit its notification to leave the European Union," French President Francois Hollande said.
"We are not on Facebook, where things are complicated. We are married or divorced but not something in between," Luxembourg Prime Minister Xavier Bettel added.
Britain's "leave" leaders hope the nation can still enjoy many perks of the EU internal market for business, while being able to deny EU citizens entry to the UK to address concerns about unlimited EU immigration. Merkel, head of the EU's biggest economy, made clear that isn't an option.
"Whoever wants to leave this family cannot expect to have no more obligations but to keep privileges," she said. "We will ensure that the negotiations are not carried out with the principle of cherry-picking."
At the same time, unshackled from recalcitrant Britain, the other EU members need to plot a common way ahead. Yet differences between founding nations in the west and newer members in the east are increasingly tough to reconcile.
First, though, the EU needs to get rid of Britain.
EU Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and other European leaders insist they won't begin any talks until Britain invokes the Article 50 of the EU's Treaty of Lisbon, which sets in motion a two-year process to split from the group designed to unify Europe after the horrors of World War II.
"I want the UK to clarify its position. Not today, not tomorrow at 9 a.m., but soon," Juncker told lawmakers. "We cannot allow ourselves to remain in a prolonged period of uncertainty."
Juncker said he had banned his policy commissioners from holding any secret talks with Britain on its future until London triggers the exit clause.
"No notification, no negotiation," he said to resounding applause.