Britain builds 13 foot-high concrete wall to stop migrants
Britain hopes a four-metre-high (13-foot-high) concrete wall will succeed where security guards and barbed wire have failed, and stop migrants reaching the United Kingdom from the northern French port of Calais.
Home Office Minister Robert Goodwill announced this week that a 1km-long (0.6-mile-long) barrier will be built as part of a £17-million (US$23-million) security package agreed to by Britain and France. He told lawmakers on Tuesday that its construction along the main highway to the port would start "very soon".
"We've done the fence, now we are doing a wall," he said.
Thousands of people, most from the Middle East and Africa, have made long and dangerous journeys to Calais, hoping to reach Britain by stowing away on trucks and trains through the Channel Tunnel.
Many live in an overcrowded camp known as 'the jungle', which French authorities have vowed to dismantle.
To discourage them, authorities have poured in police officers and built high barbed-wire fences to keep people away from Eurotunnel freight trains, the port and the highway.
But desperate migrants are using increasingly dangerous tactics to slow trucks and hitch a ride. Aid group Auberge des Migrants says 11 migrants have died this year - seven on the highways.
On Monday, truckers, farmers, dock workers and merchants blocked a main access road to protest the disruption, as well as the fines they face if caught carrying stowaways.
But truckers' groups were cool to the idea of a wall. Richard Burnett, chief executive of Britain's Road Haulage Association, said the money "would be much better spent on increasing security along the approach roads".
Vikki Woodfine of law firm DWF, who works with trucking companies, said the wall "is simply a knee-jerk reaction that is unlikely to make a difference in the long run".
Migrants "are increasingly desperate to cross the border and will undoubtedly find a way past it, pushing the death toll even higher in the process," Woodfine said.
British opposition politicians also criticised the plan. Scottish National Party lawmaker Angus Robertson said Prime Minister Theresa May should be "totally ashamed" of a proposal that echoed presidential candidate Donald Trump's call for a vast wall along the US-Mexico border.