A leading human-rights group here has warned that the United States Supreme Court's decision to uphold part of Arizona's immigrant law puts Caribbean and other immigrant families in Arizona and other states at greater risk of abuse from local authorities.
Monday's ruling in the case Arizona vs United States overturned several sections of the Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighbourhoods Act, commonly known as SB 1070, on the grounds that they are pre-empted by federal law.
But it left intact a section requiring police to attempt to verify a person's immigration status if they have 'reasonable suspicion' that the individual is in the country without authorisation.
"The Supreme Court ruling opens the door to anti-immigrant abuses we've seen in other states with similar laws," said Grace Meng, US researcher at Human Rights Watch.
"The court said it was too soon to know what harm there might be from this one provision, but the harm from a similar provision in Alabama is all too clear," she added.
Meng said the court's ruling on the law's 'reasonable suspicion' provision focuses on a narrow legal issue and does not foreclose other challenges to this provision.