Intrade, the online prediction market that gained popularity as an informal oddsmaker for the presidential election, shut itself to US customers Monday after regulators charged it with illegally facilitating bets on future economic data, the price of gold and even acts of war.
Hours after the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) filed a complaint in federal court, Intrade, based in Ireland, posted in its user forum and on its news page that it could no longer allow United States residents to trade "due to legal and regulatory pressures."
US residents must begin closing their accounts and withdrawing their funds immediately, the website said. It said customers must resolve open predictions by December 23 or the site would assign them "fair market value" and close them.
The CFTC's civil complaint charged that Intrade and its operator solicited customers to trade investment contracts that technically are options. Options must be traded on approved, regulated exchanges.
"Today's action should make it clear that we will intervene in the 'prediction' markets, wherever they may be based, when their US activities violate laws and rules enforced by the agency," CFTC enforcement director David Meister said in a statement.
By requiring that options be traded on approved exchanges, Meister said regulators can "police market activity and protect market integrity."
Intrade did not respond to an emailed request for comment.
It was unclear whether regulators believe that all trades on Intrade by US investors are illegal. The CFTC said it would not comment further, because the matter was in litigation.
Intrade is known for facilitating bets on award shows, weather and other high-profile events. The prices at which customers are willing to make those bets are cited as informal odds. TEN also used to allow betting on sports through other sites that it operated.
For example, on Monday the site gave Argo a 28.5 per cent chance of winning the Oscar for best picture and assigned a 19 per cent chance that the United States or Israel would launch an airstrike against Iran by June 30.
The CFTC oversees markets for futures and options, investments that allow people to bet on the future prices of commodities like grain and oil. Those contracts help farms, airlines and other businesses to protect themselves against unexpected price swings.
In the complaint, the CFTC alleged that Intrade had illegally solicited everyday US investors to use the website between September 2007 and June 25 of this year.
Intrade and its operator, Trade Exchange Network Limited (TEN), falsely claimed in annual reports that the contracts were not being sold to ordinary US customers, the CTC said.
Regulators want the companies to pay fines and return profits that were obtained illegally. They want the site and its operators barred from any future activities related to options trading.
Intrade users reported on Twitter that the site already blocks them from trading contracts related to the prices of oil and gold.
One of them, Joe Schilling, posted an image of an email he said was sent by Intrade in 2009, stating that crude oil and gold contracts were unavailable to US users "due to a regulatory request" from the CFTC.
TEN settled similar charges of soliciting US investors in 2005. In an order filed with that settlement, the CFTC said that US customers accounted for up to 40 per cent of Intrade's total customer base. TEN paid US$150,000 and agreed to halt further violations.
Under the settlement, TEN agreed to use pop-up windows to tell US customers which bets were not available to them. It said it would cooperate in any future investigations.
Monday's complaint includes charges that TEN violated that earlier settlement. The company used Intrade to offer illegal options including on the future prices of gold, changes in the unemployment rate and a measure of US economic output, the complaint said. It said TEN failed to provide the pop-up notices mandated in the 2005 order.