Sandy, superstorm and conspiracy theories
Daniel Morgan, Contributor
Sandy came and went. And what a hurricane that was! Hurricane Sandy first came to our attention when it was reported by the meteorologists that it developed from an elongated tropical wave or tropical cyclone in the western Caribbean Sea sometime in October and then made its way northwards towards Jamaica as a Category One hurricane. It caused some damage to the island (notably our banana industry), disrupted our power supply and killed one person.
Then Sandy proceeded to Cuba where it wreaked havoc on its already ailing economy. Hurricane Sandy was so wide in diameter that the outer bands also covered most parts of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Hispaniola was pelted with torrential rains for days, before Sandy also travelled to The Bahamas. Then it was the United States' turn, and the Eastern Seaboard was pummelled by Sandy and company, with scores of people dying.
Theories abound with regard to the recent changes in the weather pattern that we have been experiencing for some time. Recently, someone at the bank told me that he heard that the United States had developed a project in the form of a research instrument for studying the ionosphere. I did some research, and was stunned by the findings. According to a YouTube video site (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=boKjwccQFgU), this project, dubbed HAARP (High Frequency Active Auroral Research Project), uses ionispheric ic radiation instrument (IRR) that captures billions of watts of energy and uses it to heat the atmosphere almost 150 miles above the earth's surface. According to this video site, the atmosphere has most of its density below an altitude of 30 miles, and disturbances in the ionosphere cause changes in the weather, such as naturally occurring sunspots and the solar wind.
According to the YouTube link, HAARP, which is seen as a military weapon by many, "has the ability to direct electrons along the naturally occurring magnetic field of the earth and accelerate them almost to the speed of light, to form a protective shell of highly excited particles that not only block communications worldwide, but destroys missiles in their trajectory as they descend from space". The site also revealed that weather manipulation can also be used as an instrument for warfare, manipulating the jet streams that dictate climate.
I have been hearing rumours that this atmospheric disturbance could likely be the cause of the earthquake in Haiti (note that the US is quite close to Haiti). One wonders if the trajectory taken by Superstorm Sandy was influenced by this HAARP technology, because of the way the hurricane formed in the western Caribbean, yet most hurricanes are formed off the West African coast and travel in a northeasterly direction. I guess HAARP might have interfered with the fundamental equations of the Newtonian fluid concept. (Mcintyre, (1972), Meteorological Challenges: A History).
Responding to climate change
Despite these conspiracy theories, however, scientists have been studying why there have been changes in the weather patterns. According to Jaeger (1987), in 'Developing Policies For Responding to Climatic Change', numerous studies have been conducted which assess the impact of global changes in the climate. Jaeger (1987) posits that there are key issues addressed in these studies, such as "the rate and timing of climatic changes, the expected changes of regional climates, and the uncertainties in forecasts of climatic changes" (p.3)
According to Jaeger (1987), there has been an increase in the global temperature change since 1980, and one will continue to see these changes in the years ahead. Jaeger (1987) posits that this increase is caused by continuous greenhouse gas emissions, and that, globally, the average temperature will be higher in the next century than it was since the last hundred-odd years.
Also according to Jaeger (1987), one half of humans live in coastal areas, and these coastal areas are affected by population growth, pollution, and water diversion. The gloomy forecast: "Global warming induced by greenhouses gases will accelerate the present sea-level rise, giving a rise of probably about 30cm and possibly as much as 1.5m by the middle of the next century, as a result of thermal expansion of the sea-water and the melting of land ice." (p.10) Jaeger (1987) also posits that there will be some effects from the rise in the sea level, such as the erosion of beaches and coastal margins, land-use changes, wetland loss, the frequency and severity of flooding, and damage to water-management systems, such as drainage and irrigation systems.
Because of the increased pattern of changes in climate, there are implications for the wider Caribbean. This is linked, in part, to the fact that our economy, in particular, is highly dependent on agriculture, and therefore one has to plan for these eventualities. Therefore, Caribbean governments and agencies should respond to these changes effectively by developing long-term solutions to assist in minimising the effects of these hazards. Therefore, the regional governments should collaborate on this effort. However, that is another story.
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