CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP):Astronauts ventured out yesterday on the first of a series of urgent repair spacewalks to revive a crippled cooling line at the International Space Station.
The two Americans on the crew, Rick Mastracchio and Michael Hopkins, will need to perform two and, quite possibly, three spacewalks to replace an ammonia pump containing a bad valve.
Next will be one tomorrow, followed by a third on Christmas Day if it's needed.
The breakdown 10 days ago left one of two identical cooling loops too cold and forced the astronauts to turn off all non-essential equipment inside the orbiting lab, bringing scientific research to a near-halt and leaving the station in a vulnerable state.
Mastracchio got off to a quick start on the repairs as he worked to disconnect the flawed pump.
"Looking good so far," he told Mission Control as he unhooked four ammonia fluid lines. He encountered a loose bolt and informed Mission Control he was afraid it might come off, but was assured everything was fine.
A few minutes later, he reported that some flakes of frozen ammonia - a toxic substance - brushed against his suit. "More flakes coming out," he radioed. "A steady stream of them."
prevent a recurrence
Mastracchio, a seven-time spacewalker, and Hopkins, making his first, wore extra safety gear as they floated outside.
NASA wanted to prevent a recurrence of the helmet flooding that nearly drowned an astronaut last summer, so yesterday' spacewalkers had snorkels in their suits and water-absorbant pads in their helmets.
Two hours into the spacewalk, the spacewalkers were still dry.
The pump replacement is a huge undertaking attempted only once before, back in 2010 on this very unit.
The two astronauts who tackled the job three years ago were in Mission Control, offering guidance, as yesterday's drama unfolded 260 miles up.
The 780-pound pump is about the size of a double-door refrigerator and extremely cumbersome to handle, with plumbing full of dangerous ammonia.
Any traces of ammonia on the spacesuits must be dissipated by the time the astronauts go back inside, to avoid further contamination.
NASA's plan - fine-tuned over the past several days - called for the pump to be disconnected yesterday, pulled out tomorrow and a fresh spare put in, and then all the hook-ups of the new pump completed Wednesday.
If the work is finished on the first two spacewalks, the third wouldn't be needed.