High costs for crossing border
Migration experts and smugglers who charge from $5,000 to $10,000 to move Central Americans to the US say these are the payments that must be made to get their human cargo to its destination:
Boatmen at Mexico's southern border: $1.50 to cross Suchiate River from Guatemala.
Lodging: $11.50 a room, which can hold many migrants.
Central American gangs: At least $100 per migrant to board Mexican freight train known as 'La Bestia' (The Beast).
Mexican police and immigration officials: $230 to $540 to pass; $25 to $40 per person to free detained migrant.
Drug cartels: $250 to $300 for Mexican migrants, $500 to $700 for Central Americans, about $1,500 for someone from Europe or Asia, plus 10 percent flat fee per smuggler to cross northern Mexico to US border.
Boatmen at Mexico's northern border: $100 per immigrant to cross Rio Grande into US.
Drivers: $150 for ride from Rio Grande to stash house; $200 for ride north of Border Patrol's highway checkpoint to Houston.
Caretaker at stash house: $20 per person per day.