World Bank aids access to water and sanitation in rural Haiti
WASHINGTON, Oct.5, CMC – The World Bank says it has been aiding Haiti in improving access to water and sanitation in rural parts of the country.
But according to the bank, challenges remain, such as reducing the gap between urban and rural water access.
The Washington-based institution says in rural parts of Haiti, less than half of the population has access to improved water sources and only 17 per cent of people have access to improved sanitation.
The World Bank has partnered with the State and Peace-Building Fund (SPF) and the Haitian National Water and Sanitation Directorate (DINEPA) to address the challenges of increasing access to water supply and sanitation services in rural communities of the South and Nippes departments of Haiti.
The bank said the Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project introduced a “professional management model” involving local, professional water operators (Ops), which were selected and contracted by the community to operate, maintain and manage the water supply systems.
The communities were selected by evaluating their willingness to pay for water services and by using a participatory approach providing communities with a series of choices for different water service levels – household connection or water kiosk—and different tariff structures.
In line with the national sanitation strategy, the World Bank said it also conducted hygiene and sanitation promotion and training activities, focusing on the development of incentives to encourage Haitians to build, maintain and use their own toilets.
The main results of the water supply interventions include construction or rehabilitation of 15 drinking water systems to serve 59,367 people. Systems were equipped with a chlorinator and each operator has a test kit to measure water quality.
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