UK Tory contenders vow to scrap Irish border Brexit policy
The two contenders to be Britain’s next prime minister both said Tuesday that they would unblock the Brexit impasse by scrapping a contentious Irish border provision that has hamstrung efforts to approve a divorce agreement with the European Union (EU).
Critics accuse Jeremy Hunt and Boris Johnson of making empty promises – already rejected by the EU – that will send the United Kingdom crashing out of the 28-nation bloc without a deal to cushion the shock.
Hunt and Johnson – Britain’s foreign secretary and his immediate predecessor – are competing to replace Prime Minister Theresa May, who is quitting as leader of the Conservative Party and the country after Parliament rejected her Brexit deal. A key sticking point is a measure known as the backstop, designed to ensure that the border between the UK’s Northern Ireland and EU member Ireland remains all but invisible.
Many Brexit-backing lawmakers reject it because it would keep Britain bound to EU trade rules in order to maintain an open border. And Northern Ireland’s Democratic Unionist Party, which props up the UK’s minority Conservative government, opposes the backstop over fears it could weaken the bonds between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK.
EU leaders insist that without the backstop, there can be no withdrawal agreement.
Hunt told Conservative Party members in Belfast that “we are never going to have a deal to leave the EU with the backstop. So it has to change, or it has to go”.
He said a “technology-led solution” could remove the need for customs posts and other border infrastructure. Britain and the EU have agreed to look into technological fixes but say a solution doesn’t currently exist.
Johnson said “the withdrawal agreement as it currently stands is a dead letter”.
He called the backstop a form of “moral blackmail” by the EU and later tweeted: “I will never accept a deal that seeks to bind us in the EU’s customs union forever, or which divides our United Kingdom.”
Three years on from Britain’s 52 to 48 per cent vote to leave the EU, Britain’s departure has been delayed twice by the country’s political impasse. It is currently scheduled for October 31, and both Johnson and Hunt say they will lead the UK out of the bloc, with or without a divorce deal.
Most economists say leaving without an agreement would severely disrupt trade between Britain and the EU, plunging the country into recession.
But Johnson said the warnings had been “wildly overdone”.
“We should not be terrified of a no-deal Brexit,” he said.
Johnson and Hunt are competing for the votes of about 160,000 Conservative Party members across the UK. The winner, to be announced July 23, will replace May as party leader and prime minister.
The new leader will face a country, and Parliament, deeply divided over Brexit.
Polls suggest that most members of the Conservative Party support a no-deal Brexit and shrug off the warnings of economic turmoil. But most Britons, and the bulk of British businesses, oppose the idea.
Treasury chief Philip Hammond, who has made increasingly loud warnings to Conservative colleagues about the risks of a no-deal Brexit, said Tuesday that leaving the EU without a divorce agreement would mean a £90-billion (US$114 billion) hit to the public purse.
“It would be wrong to pursue ‘no deal’ as a policy, and I believe it will be for the [House of] Commons, of which I will continue proudly to be a member, to ensure that doesn’t happen,” Hammond told lawmakers.