Johnson looks east to Asia as focus of post-Brexit strategy
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said Tuesday the UK will prioritise diplomatic engagement with Asian countries in the coming decade, as he unveiled a major shift in the country’s foreign policy and defence priorities after Brexit.
Setting out a vision of a “Global Britain”, the government’s new strategy document envisions the UK “tilting” toward the Indo-Pacific region and becoming a bigger player there as the world’s “geopolitical and economic centre of gravity” moves east to countries such as China, India and Japan.
Russia remains “the most acute threat to our security”, the government said, but the language on China was markedly more muted. While the report acknowledged the risks posed by a more assertive China, and described the country as the “biggest state-based threat to the UK’s economic security,” Johnson said the UK will continue pursuing a “positive trade and investment relationship” with Beijing.
“There is no question China will pose a great challenge for an open society such as ours,” Johnson told the House of Commons. “But we will also work with China where that is consistent with our values and interests, including building a stronger and positive economic relationship and in addressing climate change.”
As part of the new policy, Britain is applying for partner status in the Association of South East Asian Nations, and Johnson will travel to India next month for his first major international visit since the UK left the European Union.
The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Queen Elizabeth will be sent to the region later this year for its first operational deployment.
The review also outlined an overhaul of the UK’s defence policies, most notably paving the way for increasing the amount of nuclear warheads Britain has at its disposal to 260. That reverses a decade-long plan to reduce the stockpile to 180.
The document described a deteriorating global security environment, and said a “minimum, credible, independent nuclear deterrent” remains “essential in order to guarantee our security”.
Asked about the need to boost the UK’s nuclear capabilities, Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab told the BBC that it was “the ultimate insurance policy against the worst threat from hostile states”.
COMMITTED TO PEACE
Johnson said some longstanding policies will remain the same: Britain would remain “unswervingly committed” to NATO and preserving peace and security in Europe, and the US will remain Britain’s most important ally.
Keir Starmer, the leader of the opposition Labour Party, said Britain’s policies toward China remained as inconsistent as it has been for the past decade – ignoring its rights abuses while inviting the country to invest in British infrastructure such as its telecoms network. He also questioned why Johnson didn’t mention the UK’s decision to cut international aid spending and its arms export policies.
“If ‘Global Britain’ is to mean anything, it cannot mean selling arms to Saudi Arabia and cutting aid to Yemen,” Starmer said.
Johnson has been facing increasing pressure from his own Conservative Party to take a more assertive stance against China – particularly regarding claims of genocidal policies against the Uighur minority in its Xinjiang region – and several lawmakers criticised Tuesday’s review document for not delivering that. Julian Lewis, who chairs the parliamentary Intelligence and Security Committee, described the British government’s stance as one of “grasping naivety.”