Mon | Nov 29, 2021

Russia cuts gas supply to Ukraine

Published:Tuesday | June 17, 2014 | 12:00 AM
A woman walks past the headquarters of Russia's state-run natural gas giant Gazprom in Moscow, Russia, yesterday. - AP

Russia on Monday cut gas supplies to Ukraine as a payment deadline passed and negotiators failed to reach a deal on gas prices and unpaid bills amid continued fighting in eastern Ukraine.

The decision does not immediately affect the gas flow to Europe, but could disrupt the long-term energy supply to the region if the issue is not resolved, analysts said.

Gazprom spokesman Sergei Kupriyanov said that since Ukraine had paid nothing for the gas by Monday, from now on the company would demand that Ukraine pay in advance for any future deliveries.

"Gazprom supplies to Ukraine only the amount that has been paid for, and the amount that has been paid for is zero," Kupriyanov said Monday morning.

Ukraine's Naftogaz company head Andriy Kobolev said Russia had cut the supply of gas to Ukraine. He added that Ukraine can manage without Russian gas until December.

The pipeline to Ukraine also carries gas meant for Europe, but Kupriyanov said that the supply to Europe will continue as planned. Ukraine has the obligation to make sure the gas will reach European customers, he said.

However, Gazprom has notified the European Commission of "a possible disruption in the gas transit" in case Ukraine decides to siphon off the gas, the company said.

No Short-term impact

Analyst Tim Ash at Standard Bank PLC said Russia was likely to cut off only the gas meant for Ukraine, but that Ukraine could, in theory, simply take what it wants since the gas is intermingled. That would result in a shortage in pipelines to Europe that could hinder the build-up of stored gas ahead of the winter heating season when demand is higher.

"So the message is that this is unlikely to bring a short-term hit to gas supply in Europe, but it will build up problems for the winter unless a deal is reached quickly," he said in an email.

Ukraine has been chronically behind on payments for the gas needed to heat homes and fuel its industries. The gas conflict is part of a wider dispute over whether Ukraine aligns itself with Russia or with the European Union (EU).

It comes in the midst of the severe crisis in relations between the two countries that has followed Russia's annexation of Crimea in March. Ukraine accuses Russia of supporting a separatist insurgency in its eastern regions, which Russia denies.

In December, Gazprom offered the previous president, Viktor Yanukovych, a discounted price of US$268.50 per thousand cubic metres after he backed out of an economic and political agreement with the EU under pressure from Moscow.

That price was cancelled April 1 and raised to US$485 per thousand cubic metres. Russia has now offered US$385, the price that Ukraine was paying until December, but Kiev insisted on a lower price. Gazprom has tolerated the late payments but now says Ukraine owes a total of US$4.458 billion for gas from last year and this year.

Gazprom to sue

Russia wanted a payment of US$1.95 billion for past-due bills by 9 a.m. Kiev time Monday. As the deadline passed Gazprom issued a statement that it would start demanding payment in advance for gas.

Gazprom announced on Monday that it is suing Ukraine's state energy company Naftogaz in an international court for the US$4.5 billion. Naftogaz said it has also filed a suit against Gazprom, seeking a "fair and market-based price" for gas, as well as a repayment of US$6 billion for what it said were overpayments for gas from 2010.

Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk angrily rejected the Russian position, saying that "we are not going to give in to Russian pressure ... we are not going to subsidise Gazprom." He said Ukraine would press in the arbitration court for prices set "honestly, openly and on market principles."

The European Commission said in a statement that Ukraine was ready to accept a compromise in talks in Kiev of paying US$1 billion now and more later, but Russia didn't accept the offer.

European Union spokeswoman Sabine Berger said EU energy commissioner Guenther Oettinger remains committed to helping broker a deal between Kiev and Moscow.

One reason for EU involvement is the current state of Ukrainian gas reserves. Berger said they now stand at around 13.5 billion cubic metres. For the EU to be assured of enough gas for the coming winter, those reserves should be at 18-20 billion cubic metres at the end of the summer, Berger said.

- AP