Twenty years of Reggae Day
By Carolyn Cooper
Last Tuesday, July 1, was International Reggae Day. One of the highlights of the celebration was a huge video installation projected on to the exterior wall of The Jamaica Pegasus hotel. From Emancipation Park, it was quite a sight. Reggae posters from across the world were displayed, demonstrating the magnetic power of Jamaican popular culture, especially our music.
I overheard a woman complaining with typical arrogance: "Mi a see picture from all bout an mi naa see nothing from Jamaica." Mi naa lie. As soon as she said it, Taj Francis' brilliant poster of Lee 'Scratch' Perry, the Upsetter, appeared with a big flag of Jamaica beside it. Seet deh! My lady laughed contentedly.
The moral of this little story is that we're often so nationalistic, we just can't appreciate the global impact of Jamaican culture. It's quite ironic. The fact that so many of the reggae posters came from outside Jamaica should be a cause for pride, not complaint.
We don't seem to realise just how far Jamaican popular music has spread. We take our creativity for granted and we rarely stop to think about why so many people from such diverse cultures are attracted to the music produced on this little rock. And it's not just the beat and the lyrics that fascinate foreigners. It's also the academic value of the music.
Just last Friday, I got a telephone call from Christian Moll, a graduate student specialising in English/American studies and music at the University of Regensburg in Germany. He was trying to find an external supervisor for his thesis on dancehall. Moll is also a reggae artiste who has been performing for over a decade. His band, Rootz Radicals, plays original music, both roots and dancehall.
Of course, I'm going to take on the project. It sweet mi so til! Twenty-five years ago, this month, I presented my first academic paper on dancehall at the annual conference of the UK-based Society for Caribbean Studies, 'Slackness Hiding From Culture: DJ Rule'. I am indebted to DJ Josey Wales for the title. That pioneering work has inspired a younger generation of scholars, both local and international, to take dancehall culture seriously.
So we've given reggae music to the world. But sometimes we act as if reggae was stolen from us. We conveniently forget that the roots of reggae run deep into other black musical traditions. African-American R&B, fused with jazz and mento, produced ska - Jamaican jazz! Ska evolved into rocksteady, then reggae, and now dancehall. And we hear the riddims of religious revival music in dancehall.
Jamaican popular music is a 'mix-up an blenda' of musical traditions, both sacred and secular, that take us straight across to the continent of Africa. We don't 'own' the music. Of course, this certainly does not mean that individual creators of song lyrics, melodies and riddims are not entitled to claim all the benefits of their intellectual property.
PROTECTING THE FUTURE
One of the tragedies of our music industry is that so many of the pioneering artists were cruelly exploited. Not by foreigners, but by unconscionable Jamaican producers who knew that for some never-see-come-see artistes, just hearing their tune on the radio was enough of a reward.
Leading up to International Reggae Day, there was an excellent conference held on June 30. One of the sessions focused on 'Copyright Term Extension: Preserving the Past and Protecting the Future'. No matter how many of these conferences are convened, there are still so many players in the creative industries who do not know their rights.
Another session examined 'Social Design: The Power of Art to Transform Space'. Like the exterior wall of the Pegasus hotel! Thanks to Michael 'Freestylee' Thompson, founder of the International Reggae Poster Contest (IRPC), art moved out of the gallery and into public space. Phase Three Productions, one of the sponsors of International Reggae Day, provided technical support for the video installation.
The 2012 IRPC attracted 1,142 entries from 80 countries. In 2013, there were 1,100 submissions from 78 countries. The 2014 contest was launched on International Reggae Day, and within hours entries came in from Slovenia, the UK, India, Portugal, Croatia, Spain, Greece, Japan, Venezuela and, of course, Jamaica - as that anxious woman in Emancipation Park will be pleased to hear.
Andrea Davis, founder of International Reggae Day, must be commended for her grand vision. Two decades ago, she recognised that the globalisation of reggae should be acknowledged and celebrated. It hasn't been an easy journey. Sometimes, vision isn't enough. You also need plenty backative.
I think it's most unfortunate that six years ago when the bright idea of a Reggae Month came from out of the blue, somebody forgot that we already had a Reggae Day. It would have been so sensible to build on the foundation laid by Andrea.
We could easily have dubbed July Reggae Month. It would now fit so well into the Government's plan for '90 Days of Summer'. There's Sumfest, which, like its predecessor Sunsplash, helps to fill empty hotel rooms in the slow summer season. But we always have to keep on starting from scratch. We forget that protecting the future also means remembering the past.