Bitcoin futures decline in debut on second US exchange
Bitcoin's debut on a second major exchange in the United States lacked the excitement and the price gains of the first.
New futures contracts based on the price of the digital currency began trading Sunday on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, a week after bitcoin futures launched on rival exchange CBOE.
On the CME, the futures contract that expires in January closed at US$19,100, down $400, with 1,049 contracts traded by 4:55 p.m. Monday. A week earlier on CBOE, bitcoin futures jumped about 20 per cent on volume of 4,000 contracts.
The CME futures, like those traded on CBOE, do not involve actual bitcoin. The CME's futures track an index of bitcoin prices pulled from several private exchanges. The CBOE's futures track bitcoin prices on the particular private exchange known as Gemini.
Each contract sold on the CME is for five bitcoin.
Bitcoin's price has skyrocketed on private exchanges this year, largely under its own momentum, piquing interest on Wall Street. The virtual currency was trading below US$1,000 at the beginning of the year, and rose to more than US$19,000 on some exchanges in the days leading up to its debut on the CBOE and CME. Bitcoin was trading at US$18,697 Monday afternoon on Coindesk.
The growing enthusiasm for bitcoin has raised questions over whether its value has got too frothy. The Securities and Exchange Commission put out a statement last week warning investors to be careful with any investment in bitcoin or other digital currencies. Further, the Commodities Futures Trading Commission has proposed regulating bitcoin like a commodity, not unlike gold, silver, platinum or oil.
Futures are a type of contract where a buyer and seller agree on a price on a particular item to be delivered on a certain date in the future, hence the name. Futures are available for nearly every type of security out there, but are most familiarly used in commodities, like oil wheat, soy and gold.
Bitcoin is the world's most popular virtual currency. Such currencies are not tied to a bank or government and allow users to spend money anonymously. They are basically lines of computer code that are digitally signed each time they are traded.
A debate is raging on the merits of such currencies. Some say they serve merely to facilitate money laundering and illicit, anonymous payments. Others say they might be helpful methods of payment, such as in crisis situations where national currencies have collapsed.