Gwynne Dyer | Everybody, take a Valium
When Napoleon invaded Russia in 1812, he took more than half a million troops with him, and he still lost. When Hitler invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, he used four million troops, but he lost, too. And now the United States has deployed just 1,000 American troops into Poland.
So did the Russians giggle and snort at this pathetic display of American 'resolve'? Of course not. They pretended to be horrified by it.
"We perceive it as a threat," said Dmitry Peskov, President Vladimir Putin's spokesman. "These actions threaten our interests, our security, especially as it concerns a third party building up its military presence near our borders. (The United States) is not even a European state."
The Russians have not suddenly caught a severe case of timidity. They know perfectly well this handful of American troops poses no danger to them. But building up the American 'threat' helps to mobilise popular support for Putin - and he will be even more popular when Donald Trump enters the White House and makes a 'deal' with Putin that ends this alleged threat.
Pantomime threats like this are a standard part of international politics, and should not be seen as a cause for panic. It is also quite normal for great powers to bury an inconvenient dispute and move on, as Trump will probably do with Putin after he takes office. As long as Trump does not formally recognise Russia's illegal annexation of Crimea, international law will survive. Indeed, it would survive, perhaps limping a little, even if he did.
As Trump's inauguration looms, there is great panic among American commentators and strategic analysts (and quite a lot of people elsewhere) about the grave danger that the ignorant and impulsive Trump will pose to world peace, but this ignores two important facts.
One is that the other world leaders he is dealing with will still be grown-ups. The other is that the real US government - the tens of thousands of senior civil servants and military officers who actually make the machine work - are people with a lot of real-life experience, and they instinctively resist extreme policies and grand visions.
Even Trump's most radical ideas, like threatening to end America's 45-year-old 'One China' policy - and implicitly, therefore, to recognise the independence of Taiwan - will only destabilise the international order if OTHER national leaders are panicked by his demands. In most cases, they will not be. (Indeed, many of them are already taking up meditation or practising deep breathing in preparation for having to deal with him).
A BIG INTERNATIONAL CRISIS
None of this guarantees that Trump will not blunder into a big international crisis or a major war during his term, but the chances of his doing so are relatively low - maybe as low as one in 10. You wouldn't freely choose to live with this level of risk, but people did live with it for decades during the Cold War, and they survived it.
As for the 'Manchurian Candidate' nonsense: While Trump may have had significant Russian help of one sort or another during his election campaign, he is almost certainly not an 'agent of influence' for Moscow. The intelligence report by a British ex-spy that is causing such a fuss is actually TOO detailed: senior Russian officials do not give that much away to each other, let alone to Western spies or the Russians who work for them.
Many people will be very frightened about the future when Trump swears the oath of office on Friday. They are certainly right to be concerned, and the economic damage may be very bad, but the risk of war, even with China, is probably lower than they fear.
Back in 1976, when the Quebec separatists won an election for the first time, English-Canadians were terrified, and the Anglophone minority in Quebec itself saw it as the apocalypse. It was only six years, after all, since there had been dramatic terrorist attacks in Quebec by a different brand of separatists. But cartoonist Aislin (Terry Mosher) in the Montreal Gazette had the right idea.
It just showed a close-up of the separatist leader, Rene Levesque, smoking his usual cigarette and telling the entire country: "OK, everybody, take a Valium." It was better advice than even he knew: Quebec never left and the heavens never fell.
We need Aislin again.
- Gwynne Dyer is an independent journalist whose articles are published in 45 countries. Email feedback to firstname.lastname@example.org.