Letter of the Day: Tread cautiously with diaspora
THE EDITOR, Sir:
The idea of more fully embracing Jamaica's diaspora is laudable, as you try to explain in your leader 'Fuller embrace of diaspora' (June 12, 2015). But, we need to make sure we don't go running down blind alleys or into dead ends.
Embracing the diaspora need never extend to giving them voting rights. In fact, with France, many expatriates openly acknowledge that their being outside of the country temporarily or for extended periods reduces their claim on involvement with national politics. They often understand that being free of national taxes has a corollary in not being able to vote. We can argue both sides of that till kingdom come.
The Gleaner cites France and its relatively new onziËme circonscription, which created constituencies outside the national borders and allowed French citizens abroad to vote for representatives in the National Assembly.
France was clear in being able to identify its citizens abroad and place them into 11 distinct regions, and allow them to vote for candidates there. We would, at least, need to assure those living in Jamaica that we had foolproof ways to locate and confirm 'Jamaicans' so conveniently.
We also have to convince people about the true meaning of any overseas constituency, beyond being a net into which we put some Jamaicans. Would we be able to 'do anything' else in these places? If, like the French version, these overseas candidates are really to 'fight for' the needs of their overseas constituents, what kind of 'national' politics would that create?
We'd also need to think clearly about what people's decisions to go abroad represent. For some, it's really disengagement from national activities, and they may reflect that by having plans to change nationality, or becoming involved in local politics where they now live. Would we want to reward that by letting them still hold power to determine Jamaican national affairs?
At the root of such considerations is what it means to be part of a nation. France has a long and clear history of its nationhood. Do we?
One clear problem of trying to harness the diaspora is whether the mere fact that one remains a citizen confers rights to representation when outside the country. Once Jamaicans leave, do they truly and fully want to remain part of national politics? If the answer is yes, how is that demonstrated?
Do people ensure that they remain foreigners abroad, so that they do not dilute their demonstrated citizenship? Do they ensure that their offspring remain citizens, rather than take on citizenship of the new host country? Do they strive to continue to pay taxes 'at home', even if that is in addition to paying taxes in the host country? Do they try to retain a certain residency status by returning home for prescribed periods?
If the idea is 'to gather the intellectual and material capacities of Jamaicans, wherever they are', there are many ways to do that which do not require any form of eligibility for representation. As suggested often, one can have 'funds' or 'bonds' that clearly allow the diaspora to make financial participation in national development.