The Jamaican Government in 2009 refused a request from the United States (US) to recognise Kosovo, which just over one year earlier had declared its independence from Serbia.
The US and the European Union's biggest powers quickly recognised Kosovo as an independent nation but Russia, China and some EU members strongly opposed to letting the territory break away from Serbia.
A July 2009 United States diplomatic cable acquired by WikiLeaks reported that Jamaica also refused to recognise the new nation.
The cable has been edited for length and libel.
UNCLAS KINGSTON 000561
SUBJECT: JAMAICA: NO PLANS TO RECOGNISE KOSOVO
1. Chargé d'affaires delivered points urging the Government of Jamaica (GoJ)'s recognition of Kosovo during a private meeting with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade (MFAFT)'s Under Secretary for Multilateral Affairs on July 23.
B (The Foreign Ministry official) indicated that she expected no change in the GoJ's decision not to extend formal diplomatic recognition to Kosovo.
She noted that:
On humanitarian grounds, the GoJ had not opposed Kosovo's membership in the World Bank;
The Dominican Republic's recent recognition of Kosovo, and Belize's recognition some months ago, did not constitute a groundswell of Caribbean support for recognition;
The GoJ always had taken the position that secession of any territory should be a matter of mutual agreement between all parties involved;
The GoJ shared the USG's hope for peace and economic development in the Balkans.
3. Post will report any further developments with respect to the GoJ's position regarding Kosovo.