Simon Stiell and Matthew Samuda | Caribbean 30x30 target: Protecting nature to protect future
A global group of scientists and experts known as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) have for several years provided scientific guidance to international governments in an effort to advance action on global warming. The latest IPCC scientific report on the climate crisis was released. It was uncharacteristically blunt in its conclusions:
“Any further delay in concerted anticipatory global action on adaptation and mitigation will miss a brief and rapidly closing window of opportunity to secure a liveable and sustainable future for all.”
Reports issued by the IPCC are meant to assist all governments in creating workable solutions to mitigate the impacts of the climate crisis by providing expert advice. In recognition of the rallying cry by global small islands to cap global temperature rise by 1.5 degrees C, the IPCC also provides customised recommendations for nations like ours. This latest IPCC report comes as a stark reminder that the world has already warmed 1.1 degrees C, just a few degrees shy of the 1.5 degrees C temperature goal. With its most pressing recommendations no longer tailored towards vulnerable geopolitical regions like our own, it made strikingly clear that the entire globe was at risk.
The wording throughout the text of this latest report was the strongest yet. It emphasised the need for all nations to rapidly advance concerted and science-based action to mitigate the devastation of climate change and find opportunities to rapidly transition away from unsustainable economic models. This is the reason why our governments, Barbados, Grenada, and Jamaica and a growing coalition of Caribbean nations, are part of the 85 plus member strong collective championing a global deal for nature and people with the central goal of protecting the world’s land and sea by 2030.
This 30x30 goal launched by the High Ambition Coalition (HAC) for Nature and People is co-chaired by the governments of Costa Rica, France, and the United Kingdom – our allies in advancing the globe towards a more sustainable future. The HAC’s promotion of the 30x30 target is a proactive country-driven response to the climate and biodiversity emergencies that face our planet, particularly small vulnerable economies such as those of the Caribbean.
But what exactly does protecting 30 per cent of the planet’s environment look like? The 30x30 goal is an international target that aggregates the protected areas of every participating nation and was designed to complement each nation’s abilities. For example, large ocean states like ours are in a better position to protect large portions of our marine resources, while an almost entirely landlocked country can commit to a much larger land protection goal. Steeped in science, this 30x30 target will safeguard almost a third of our planet’s oceans and lands, including the biodiversity and critical ecosystem services they provide. More pressingly, it will provide a third of the climate mitigation needed by 2030 to ensure our planetary survival.
Our Caribbean nations are only as strong as the environment they rely on, and the 30x30 goal allows our nations to inject much-needed resilience into our natural ecosystems to ensure that our people, culture and economies have a fighting chance in responding to climate change. Effectively managing our natural assets also ensures that our nations collectively build and learn together to advance beyond our current vulnerabilities and lay the foundation urgently needed to support achievement of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
ADVOCATE AND CHAMPION
As Barbados’ Prime Minister Mia Mottley, the only Caribbean leader featured at the opening ceremony at last year’s global climate conference, shared during her address, the onus is on today’s governments to advocate and champion the preservation of their nations:
“Leaders today, not leaders in 2030 or 2050, must make this choice. It is in our hands. Our people and our planet need it.”
It should come as no surprise, then, that our governments and our region are especially committed to implementing sustainable solutions. 30x30 is therefore an essential guide to our sustainable advancement.
In late February, we represented our governments among global delegates in Nairobi, Kenya, as part of the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA). At this meeting, we discussed pivotal next steps to protecting the planet’s biodiversity and agreed to a resolution tailored to actioning the integration of decisive conservation measures into our domestic policy. The meeting also revealed that vulnerable nations like ours will need a total of $60 billion in finance from major economies to protect our natural resources. This was a landmark moment for the conservation sector as it made more evident than before just how impracticable it is for vulnerable nations to play a contributing role in 30x30 and catalyse our sustainable development without the assistance of the international community.
With over 85 countries taking part in the 30x30 target, a much clearer picture emerges of how this rallying call can be successful. Certain key biodiversity-rich regions like ours are being relied on to protect a percentage of both land and water given our cultural and economic dependence on services provided by both our terrestrial and marine ecosystems. With our nations committing to both land and sea protection we will contribute to the following global benefits:
• Safeguarding 500 gigatonnes of carbon stored in vegetation and soils;
• Reducing the risk of zoonotic disease outbreaks like COVID-19;
• Supporting 30 million jobs and US$500b of GDP in ecotourism and sustainable fisheries;
• Restoring depleted fishing grounds and fish populations by 600 per cent; and
• Increasing food security and improving local economies.
A promising backdrop to the 30x30 goal is the added incentive of financial support from both private and public sources, especially for ambitious and indebted nations like ours. As one Caribbean, it is not just feasible, but pragmatic to make a regional case for the scale of financing needed to ensure our contribution to this global deal for nature and people. Organisations like the Caribbean Biodiversity Fund and the Caribbean Climate Smart Accelerator understand this well.
Our collective voice is still much too subdued. To have a real impact, 30x30 requires everyone in our region to do their part. We gain more through one Caribbean battle cry. We’ve already shown the world our willingness to transition from small island nations to sustainable and resilient large ocean states. Participating in 30x30 is a natural evolutionary step in the advancement of our economies and peoples and the preservation of our Caribbean.
- Simon Stiell is the minister for climate resilience, the environment, forestry, fisheries, disaster management, and information, Government of Grenada and Matthew Samuda is a minister without portfolio in the Ministry of Economic Growth and Job Creation, Government of Jamaica.