Editorial | Time running out on climate change reversal
Climate change is a global problem that requires cooperation between all nations. That is why today, more than 30 newspapers and media organisations in more than 20 countries have taken a common view about what needs to be done.
Time is running out. Rather than getting out of fossil fuels and into clean energy, many wealthy nations are reinvesting in oil and gas, failing to cut emissions fast enough, and haggling over the aid they are prepared to send to poor countries. All this while the planet hurtles towards the point of no return – where climate chaos becomes irreversible.
Since the COP26 UN Climate Summit in Glasgow 12 months ago, countries have only promised to do one-fiftieth of what is needed to stay on track to keep temperatures within 1.5 degrees Celsius of pre-industrial levels. No continent has avoided extreme weather disasters this year – from floods in Pakistan to heatwaves in Europe, and from forest fires in Australia to hurricanes in the United States. Given that these came about from elevated temperatures of about 1.1 degrees Celsius, the world can expect far worse to come.
As many nations seek to reduce their reliance on Russia, the world is experiencing a gold rush for new fossil fuel projects. These are cast as temporary supply measures, but they risk locking the planet into irreversible damage. All this underlines that humanity has to end its addiction to fossil fuels. If renewable energy was the norm, there would be no climate emergency.
BEAR THE BRUNT
The world’s poorest people will bear the brunt of the destruction wrought by drought, melting ice sheets, and crop failures. Shielding these groups from the loss of life and livelihoods will require money. Developing countries, says one influential report, need US$2 trillion annually to cut their greenhouse gas emissions and cope with climate breakdown.
Rich countries account for just one in eight people in the world today but are responsible for half of greenhouse gases. These nations have a clear moral responsibility to help. Developing nations should be given enough cash to address the dangerous conditions they did little to create – especially as a global recession looms.
Rich nations should deliver on the promise of previously committed funds – such as the US$100 billion a year from 2020 – to signal their seriousness. As a bare minimum, a windfall tax on the combined profits of the largest oil and gas companies – estimated at almost US$100 billion in the first three months of the year – needs to be enacted.
The United Nations was right to call for the cash to be used to support the most vulnerable. But such a levy would only be the start. Poor nations also carry debts that make it impossible to recover after climate-related disasters or protect themselves from future ones. Creditors should be generous in writing off loans for those on the front line of the climate emergency.
These measures need not wait for coordinated international action. Countries could implement them on regional or national levels. A nation’s cumulative emissions must be the basis of its responsibility to act. While private finance can help, the onus is on big historical emitters to stump up the money.
Solving the crisis is the moonshot of our times. Getting to the moon succeeded within a decade because huge resources were devoted to it. A similar commitment is needed now. But an economic crisis has reduced rich countries’ appetite for spending, and the planet risks being trapped in fossil-fuel dependence by a rearguard action of big business.
Yet, during the pandemic, central banks across the world lubricated states’ expenditure by buying up their own governments’ bonds. The trillions of dollars needed to deal with the ecological emergency demands such radical thinking returns.
This is no time for apathy or complacency; the urgency of the moment is upon us. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change must be about the power of argument, not the argument of power. Key to maintaining the consensus in Egypt is not to let disputes over trade and war in Ukraine block global climate diplomacy.
The UN process may not be perfect. But it has provided nations with a target to save the planet, which must be pursued at COP27 to stave off an existential risk to humanity.
Camunda News, Angola
National Observer, Canada
El Espectador, Colombia
Efimerida ton Syntakton, Greece
The Hindu, India
Irish Examiner, Ireland
Irish Independent, Ireland
La Repubblica, Italy
The Gleaner, Jamaica
Centre for Journalism Innovation & Development, Nigeria
Gazeta Wyborcza, Poland
Mail & Guardian, South Africa
T&T Guardian, Trinidad and Tobago
Daily Mirror, UK
The Guardian, UK
Covering Climate Now, US
Miami Herald, US
The Nation, US
Rolling Stone, US
The Environmental Reporting Collective, International
Pacific Environment Weekly, Pacific